Retaining walls in the practice of civil construction have many types depending on the application and the case to be used either to withstand the soil pressure on slope, embankment, basement, pond, water-repellent construction, sediment transport rods and so on. As something man-made, the retaining wall is capable of damage, even though it takes a long time. Damage to the retaining wall is usually a crack caused by a shift of soil or water seeping through the pores of the walls. Retaining walls have different construction from the walls of the house, which is why a special concrete crack repair is required.
Retaining walls are of various types based on material to be retained. Here are some types of retaining walls:
– Sheet Pile
The type of construction of plaster-type retaining walls is widely used to withstand the pressures of lateral active soil on the embankment or to contain water. Types of sheet/pile construction are generally made of pre-strained concrete material, either corrugate-flat or steel material. The construction of a sheet-shaped sidewall retaining wall by relying on the resistance of the clamp on the depth of tancapnya and can also be combined with anchoring system / Anchord adapted to the design results.
The construction of this type of groundbreaking wall is a construction in the form of a collection of blocks made of woven galvanized metal wire filled with a rough aggregate of pebbles arranged vertically upward with steps resembling terraces. The advantages of the gabion type retaining wall other than to function to withstand the soil pressure also serve to enlarge the water absorption concentration into the soil (Infiltration).
– Diaphragm Wall
The type of construction of a reinforced wall is a type of retaining wall construction made of a series of the reinforced concrete iron cast in place or with a modular system designed to enclose a sub-structure construction especially in the basement construction of a building.